Open letter advocating for an anti-racist public health response to demonstrations against systemic injustice occurring during the COVID-19 pandemic
On April 30, heavily armed and predominantly white protesters entered the State Capitol building in Lansing, Michigan, protesting stay-home orders and calls for widespread public masking to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Infectious disease physicians and public health officials publicly condemned these actions and privately mourned the widening rift between leaders in science and a subset of the communities that they serve. As of May 30, we are witnessing continuing demonstrations in response to ongoing, pervasive, and lethal institutional racism set off by the killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor, among many other Black lives taken by police. A public health response to these demonstrations is also warranted, but this message must be wholly different from the response to white protesters resisting stay-home orders. Infectious disease and public health narratives adjacent to demonstrations against racism must be consciously anti-racist, and infectious disease experts must be clear and consistent in prioritizing an anti-racist message.
White supremacy is a lethal public health issue that predates and contributes to COVID-19. Black people are twice as likely to be killed by police compared to white people, but the effects of racism are far more pervasive. Black people suffer from dramatic health disparities in life expectancy, maternal and infant mortality, chronic medical conditions, and outcomes from acute illnesses like myocardial infarction and sepsis. Biological determinants are insufficient to explain these disparities. They result from long-standing systems of oppression and bias which have subjected people of color to discrimination in the healthcare setting, decreased access to medical care and healthy food, unsafe working conditions, mass incarceration, exposure to pollution and noise, and the toxic effects of stress. Black people are also more likely to develop COVID-19. Black people with COVID-19 are diagnosed later in the disease course and have a higher rate of hospitalization, mechanical ventilation, and death. COVID-19 among Black patients is yet another lethal manifestation of white supremacy. In addressing demonstrations against white supremacy, our first statement must be one of unwavering support for those who would dismantle, uproot, or reform racist institutions.
Staying at home, social distancing, and public masking are effective at minimizing the spread of COVID-19. To the extent possible, we support the application of these public health best practices during demonstrations that call attention to the pervasive lethal force of white supremacy. However, as public health advocates, we do not condemn these gatherings as risky for COVID-19 transmission. We support them as vital to the national public health and to the threatened health specifically of Black people in the United States. We can show that support by facilitating safest protesting practices without detracting from demonstrators’ ability to gather and demand change. This should not be confused with a permissive stance on all gatherings, particularly protests against stay-home orders. Those actions not only oppose public health interventions, but are also rooted in white nationalism and run contrary to respect for Black lives. Protests against systemic racism, which fosters the disproportionate burden of COVID-19 on Black communities and also perpetuates police violence, must be supported.
Therefore, we propose the following guidance to support public health:
• Support local and state governments in upholding the right to protest and allow protesters to gather.
• Do not disband protests under the guise of maintaining public health for COVID-19 restrictions.
• Advocate that protesters not be arrested or held in confined spaces, including jails or police vans, which are some of the highest-risk areas for COVID-19 transmission.
• Oppose any use of tear gas, smoke, or other respiratory irritants, which could increase risk for COVID- 19 by making the respiratory tract more susceptible to infection, exacerbating existing inflammation, and inducing coughing.
• Demand that law enforcement officials also respect infection prevention recommendations by maintaining distance from protesters and wearing masks.
• Reject messaging that face coverings are motivated by concealment and instead celebrate face coverings as protective of the public’s health in the context of COVID-19.
• Prepare for an increased number of infections in the days following a protest. Provide increased access to testing and care for people in the affected communities, especially when they or their family members put themselves at risk by attending protests.
Support the health of protesters by encouraging the following:
○ Use of face coverings.
○ Distance of at least 6 feet between protesters, where possible.
○ Demonstrating consistently alongside close contacts and moving together as a group, rather than extensively intermingling with multiple groups.
○ Staying at home when sick, and using other platforms to oppose racism for high-risk individuals, and those unable or uncomfortable to attend in person.
○ Encourage allies who may wish to facilitate safe demonstrations through the following:
○ Providing masks, hand-washing stations, or hand sanitizer to demonstrators.
○ Providing eye protection, such as face shields or goggles, for protection against COVID-19 and chemical irritants used to disperse crowds.
○ Bringing wrapped, single-serving food or beverages to sustain people protesting.
○ Providing chalk markings or other designations to encourage appropriate distancing between protesters.
○ Supplying ropes, which can be knotted at 6-foot intervals, to allow people to march together while maintaining spacing.
○ Donating to bail funds for protesters
Listen, and prioritize the needs of Black people as expressed by Black voices.
These are strategies for harm reduction. It is our sincere hope that all participants will be able to follow these suggestions for safer public demonstrations, assisted by allies where possible and necessary, but we recognize that this may not always be the case. Even so, we continue to support demonstrators who are tackling the paramount public health problem of pervasive racism. We express solidarity and gratitude toward demonstrators who have already taken on enormous personal risk to advocate for their own health, the health of their communities, and the public health of the United States. We pledge our services as allies who share this goal.
This letter is signed by 1,288 public health professionals, infectious diseases professionals, and community stakeholders.
Aaron Greiner Aaron Laviana, MD, MBA_Vanderbilt University Medical Center Aaron W Stewart, MS4 UWSOM Abharika Sapru, WSU medical student Abigail Cartus MPH, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health Abigail Lee, MPH, The University of Iowa Abir Hussein, M.D Infectious Disease Fellow, University of Washington Abraham Rice Activist Adam Cohen Adam Tapley, MD, Cambridge Health Alliance, Mass. Adam Whalen, MPH Candidate in Epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Aditya S Khanna, PhD. The University of Chicago Adriana Dail Adriele Fugal Adrienne Jones – African American Adrienne Shapiro, MD, PhD, Depts. of Global Health and Medicine, University of Washington Adrienne Williams Agata Bereznicka, MPH Candidate, Boston University Agnes Graves MD Aileen Navarrete, BUSPH Akash Virupakshaiah, CHOP Alaina DeKerlegand, Infectious Diseases Pharmacist Alan Shu, University of Washington School of Medicine Alena Markmann, University of North Carolina Alex Junker, Columbia University Alexa Pohl MD PhD Alexander Lankowski, MD (University of Washington) Alexander Tsai, Massachusetts General Hospital Alexander Wamboldt, PhD Inside Out Youth Services Manager of Prevention programs Alexandra Blair, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Toronto Alexandra Phelan, Georgetown University Alexandra Regan, Boston University School of Public Health Alexandria Griffin, MPH Candidate UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health Alexandria Kragie, MD Alexia Rodriguez, MPH Alexis Handal, University of Michigan Alexis Kushner Ali Khan, MD, MPP, Oak Street Health Alic Shook, RN, Phd, University of Washington Alice Lee Alice Murnen, BSN, RN Alice Richter Lee Alice Williams Alicia Burns, University of Washington School of Medicine, MS3 Alicia Callejo-Black Alicia RN, MN Alina Kung, MD MS, PGY-1 in Internal Medicine at UCLA Alina Schnake-Mahl ScD MPH, Cityblock health Alisa Jion Kim, University of Washington medical student Alison Roxby MD Alison Simmons, University of Toronto Alistair Brian Russell, Assistant Professor, UCSD Alix Ginsberg, MPH Allison Agwu MD ScM (Infectious Diseases Physician, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD USA) Allison Cammisa, medical student at the Frank H. Netter School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University Alpha Shrestha, MPH student, UNC Chapel Hill Althea M. Hamilton, MD Alyssa M. Thomas, Colorado School of Public Health Alyssa Patterson, MPH Alyssa R. Letourneau, MD, MPH / Mass General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Alyssa Valentine, Master of Public Health Colorado School of Public Health, August 2020 (expected) Alysse Wurcel MD Amanda Carnes, Family Medicine Physician Amanda L., MPH Amanda Oropeza, MD Amanda Santander, MPH Amanda Sekijima, University of Washington School of Medicine Amanda Snow, Boston University School if Medicine Amber Akemi Piatt, MPH Amber Gipson, MPH, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Amber Streifel Amelia Gifford, Occupational Epidemiologist Amelia Knopf, Assistant Professor of Nursing, Indiana University Amelia Ziegler Amin Bemanian, MD, PhD Amina Saqib Amisha Parekh de Campos, Middlesex Hospice Homecare Amy Baugher, MPH – Epidemiologist Amy Blom Amy Hamilton Amy Pasternack MD, Cambridge Health Alliance Ana Weil Acting Assistant Professor André Blackman, Founder/CEO Onboard Health Andrea Rose Molino, Epidemiologist, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Andreina Orozco Andrew Bossick Andrew Dey, Public Health Student and Volunteer Andrew Finsness Andrew H Andrew Peace, MD Angela Alonzo Angela Bengtson Angela Budgin University of Colorado Angela Song, MD/MPH candidate, Perelman School of Medicine Angela Ulrich, PhD MPH Epidemiology Research Fellow, University of Minnesota Angela Venegas Angela Zhou, Cornell University Aniruddha Hazra, MD; Assistant Professor; University of Chicago Anjali Sharma MD, MS Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx NY Anjani Kolahi, MD UC Irvine Family Medicine Ann Duerr, MD, PhD, MPH Ann Kim MD San Francisco department of public health, Redeemer community church Ann-Claude Rakotoniaina, epidemiology research assistant Anna Bauer, PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Anna Bianchi – Medical Student Anna Caudill, incoming MPH class of 2022 Anna Chataginer Anna Darby, MD/MPH, emergency medicine physician, LAC + USC Anna Marie Rondon, Dineh Nation, INDIGENOUS Public Health Advocate Anna Stanley Lee Anna Warren Anna Zulema Pollack PhD, MPH, George Mason University Annabel Consilvio Anne Boustead, University of Arizona Anne Marie Darling, PhD Anne Steele Anne Whiteside, MSN Anonymous Anonymous JD Anthony Pho, MSN, MPH, ANP-C Antoinette Sarge, MPH, University of Washington in Seattle Antonia Beacham, Human Anupam Somashekar, MD PGY-3 UMMC Anurag Malani, MD Ann Arbor, MI April Kaur Randhawa PhD, Fred Hutch, Seattle WA April Pettit, MD, MPH, Vanderbilt University Medical Center April Soto MD April Yang – Lawyer; precious Legal Fellow at USC’s Institute on Inequalities in Global Health Arasi Adkins Arbor Quist, UNC-Chapel Hill Epidemiology PhD Candidate Ariana Piacquadio Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Postdoctoral Fellow, UC San Francisco Arianne Morrison, UNC Infectious Diseases Ariel Frey-Vogel, MD, MAT Arjun Sarkar, M3, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Arno Uvin Art Therapist Asa Tapley MD MSc (UW School of Medicine) Ashford Jackson Ashish D. Parikh, MD, Summit Medical Group Ashlee Van Schyndel, MPH – University of Illinois-Chicago Ashley Lara & BUSPH Ashley Lynes, MS4, UWSOM Ashley Sand Ashly Westrick PhD Ashlyn Lipnicky, University of Kansas Ashrit Multani, UCLA Health Asmith Joseph, MPH, MA Assistant Professor (University of South Florida, Tampa) Assistant professor LSUHSC Athena Hsu, University of California – San Diego School of Medicine Aubrey Hays Audrey C Cooper Aumna Iqbal Austeja Subaciute Austin Frost Austin O. Sweat Axie Acosta, UC Davis Health Ayden Scheim, PhD, Drexel Dornsife School of Public Health Ayesha Godil, MPH student, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Ayesha Maharaj MPH BHSc Başak Çoruh, MD, University of Washington Beatrice Chen MD MPH, University of Pittsburgh Benjamin Barrett, ScM Benjamin S. Avner, MD Benjamin Snyder, MD/PhD Student, Boston University Benjamin Todd Benjamin W Sanders, M.D. M.S.P.H., Pediatrician, Portland, Oregon Bernadette Venkataraman Beth Kassler, teacher Beth Linas, PhD, MHS, Infectious Disease Epidemiologist Beth Sobba MS4 UWSOM Betsy Zucker, FNP, nurse practitioner Betyna Berice Bikere Ikoba, Master of Public Health student at the University of Iowa Billie Henry Bioinformatics Research Fellow, University of Birmingham (UK) Birgit Brander Rasmussen, Binghamton University-SUNY Black female that’s tired, USAF vet Black Public Health Researcher/Epidemiologist Blake Busey Bohan Xing Bomi Framroze, Menlo Park, California Bonnie Snyder, MS1, UWSOM Bradley Dreifuss, MD FACEP, University of Arizona Colleges of Medicine and Public Health; Arizona College of Emergency Physicians Braveen Ragunanthan Bree-Ann Owens Brendan Eappen, medical student, Harvard Medical School Brendan Pulsifer, Bowdoin College Brennah Fallon, MPH Candidate, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Brett Jesse Brian Boursiquot, NYP/Columbia University Medical Center Brian Cockman Brian P. Foran, Boston Medical Center, Boston University Brian Rahmer, PhD, MS Brian Steely, SLP, CCC, retired educator Brianna J Scott Brigid Cakouros, DrPH Brinn Culver PMHNP Brittany Bergam, UWSOM Student Brittany Bishop – University of Washington Brittany Catucci Brittany Gorden, PharmD, BCPS Brooke Gallagher – Colorado School of Public Health Brooke Spencer, Ragon Institute of Harvard, MGH, and MIT BUSM M3 Students BVS, Resident Byanqa Robinson, RN UCSF Medical Center C. Martin Beck, RN Caitlin Williams, Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC Chapel Hill Caitlyn Nystedt, MPH Caleb LoSchiavo, MPH – Rutgers School of Public Health Calli Dolloff Cameron Bader Cameron Nutt, MD (Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Boston MA) Camille Clefton, MD Cara Coogan Cara E Saxon, MD (University of Colorado School of Medicine) Cara Pennel, DrPH, MPH Cardiovascular Researcher Caredwen Foley, MPH Student, BU School of Public Health Caren Solomon, MD, MPH, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Carey Farquhar Carly Nichols, PhD, Global Health Studies, University of Iowa, Carmen Kloer, medical student Carmen Yip Carmi Orenstein, MPH Carole Capper, retired teacher Carolina Downie Caroline M. Flessa, MPH BUSPH ‘20 Caroline McGowan Caroline Todd Casey Reynolds, RN Cassandra Trickett, Aclima Inc. Catherine Bisignano MPH, University of Washington Catherine R Lucey Executive Vice Dean, UCSF School of Medicine Catherine Romberger, MPH Catherine Voluz, Student Catherine Wolff Cecilia Culp – Health Equity Policy and Program Analyst Celia Wright Cerise Brown Cesar Lopez, MD-PhD Student at UNC Chapel Hill Chandana Golla, UTSW MD/MPH Student ’24 Chang, MD Charlene Saulnier FNP-BC Charlie Roscoe, Harvard School of Public Health Charlotte Cathcart Charlotte Marshall, MPH Charmaine Lastimoso Che Richardson Jung, RN, BSN Chelsea Backer, DO Chelsea Jones – Senior Medical Student Chelsea Lennox, MPH Chelsea Marcus Chelsey M. Mackenzie, BSN, RN, Birth Doula Chemaine Leon Cherise Rohr-Allegrini, PhD, MPH, Rohr Consulting. Cheryl Dietrich, MPH Chrissie Marshall, Gallaudet University Chrissy Chard, PhD Christian B. Ramers, MD, MPH Christian Testa, Statistical Analyst, Harvard School of Public Health Christina Casas MD Christina Chung Christina Delnero Christine D Christine Gwillim, University of Texas Christine Johnston, MD, MPH, University of Washington Christine Kerr, MD,AAHIVS Christopher Harding Christopher Lyons, Boston University School of Medicine Class of 2023 Christopher p. Paramedic Chrystal Okonta, MSPH, CHES Cinthia Leon Lazcano, Public Health Student Claire Ogburn Claire Richards, PhD, RN Claire Rothschild, PhD Candidate, University of Washington School of Public Health Clara Martin, MPH Clare Evans, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Oregon Clark Santee, MD Claudia Finkelstein MD Michigan State University Colby Sato, Twitter Colin Bartz-Overman, Medical Student, University of Washington School of Medicine Colleen Buckley Colleen Kelley MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine Corinne Wiesner, PhD Candidate UNC-Chapel Hill Gillings SGPH Courtney De La Mater, MPH Cressida Madigan Cris Craig, retired Manager, Health information Resources, Kitsap Public Health Crisis and Harm Reduction Specialist Crystal Childress Cynthia Gay University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill D’Aviance M. Harris — Birmingham, Al Dan Vekhter, Seton Hall University School of Medicine Dana Nordenstrom, MPH Dana Paycao, MPH, UCLA Daniel Becker, Indiana University Daniel Goldstein, Umass Amherst Daniel Leung, MD, University of Utah Daniel Low Daniel Winetsky, MD, Columbia University Daniela Coronado, James Madison University Daniella Mendoza, Danielle Bloch, MPH Danielle Desrosiers Danielle Lafond, BUSM Danielle McCarty RN Danielle Rome MD, NYP-Columbia Danielle Zerr, MD, MPH UW/Seattle Children’s Danniel Zamora, Infectious Diseases, University of Washington Daphne Schneider MD, Cambridge Health Alliance Darcy Rao, University of Washington Darragh Kerr, MPH, University of Washington Daryl Nault Dashawna Fussell-Ware, MSW, University of Pittsburgh Data analyst, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene David Charles Mallinson, University of Wisconsin-Madison David de Gijsel, MD. Infectious Disease and Addiction Medicine. David Joseph Koesters – unaffiliated David M. Aronoff, MD, FIDSA, FAAM David P. Eisenman, MD MSHS, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Fielding UCLA School of Public Health David Swedler, PhD MPH David van Duin, university of North Carolina Dawn Fishbein, MD, MedStar Health Research Institute DeAnn Rice RN Deborah Sarson Debra Williams Deidre Alessio NP Cambridge Health Alliance Delia Pinto Santini, Afrolatina Scientist Denise McCulloch, MD, MPH, Infectious Diseases Fellow, University of Washington Dental Student Derek Prince, UWSOM Deryn Isaac Devang Amin, Internal Medicine Resident Devin English, PhD – Rutgers School of Public Health Devin Perez Dhruvi Chauhan, MPH Candidate ’21, Columbia University, New York, NY Diana A Diana M. Tordoff, MPH, PhDc, University of Washington, Department of Epidemiology Diana Nguyen Diana Schlotterbeck Diane Kanjilal, RN Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Dimiter zlatkov Divya Prajapati, UCSD Divya Subramanian Doctor Dominic Facciponte Dominika Seblova, postdoctoral research fellow Columbia University Dominique Cantave, Harvard University Dominique Heinke, Epidemiologist Donna J. Curtis, MD, MPH, Pediatric Infectious Disease Specialist Dr Lee Pfaff, Dr Miqdad Asaria, Department of Health Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science Dr Nicole Christian Brathwaite, MD Dr Summaya Zulfiqar, EM Dr Swati Chavda, Resident University of Calgary Dr. Alex Moulton – Harbor UCLA Dr. Andrea d’Aquino, Stanford Dr. Ayesha Appa, UCSF Dr. Dodie Arnold, CEO Arnold CR Dr. Hilary Michel MD Dr. Kate Sullenberger — Veterinarian Dr. Katherine Muldoon Dr. Megan L. Srinivas, University of North Carolina Dr. Nahal Nikroo Dr. Natalie Marshall, Clinical Microbiology Fellow, PhD in Microbiology & Immunology Dr. Sarah Sanders, Cambridge Health Alliance Dr. Sheldon Francis, Delaware Veterans Cemetery Duane R. Taylor Dylan Bickers, former USAF Public Health Technician and Community Health NCOIC Earl Adsley Ebony Hilton MD Edberg Deborah Edward Courchaine, PhD Eileen Li, University of Washington School of Medicine Ekene Nwoye Elana Tan MD, Tristar Horizon Medical Center Eleanor Murray, Boston University School of Public Health Elena Diskin – Virginia Department of Health Epidemiologist Elena Hernandez, MPH Candidate at UCLA Fielding School of Public Health Elisa Cheng, MD, Clinical Instructor, Cambridge Health Alliance / Elisa Pasqual MD PhD (Spain/Italy) Elise Moore, ASTHO Eliza P Shulman, DO, MPH Eliza Pelrine, MD Elizabeth Adler, MD Elizabeth Ahlers, PsyD Elizabeth Christian, MD, Infectious Disease fellow Elizabeth Epstein-Tracy Elizabeth Gulleen, Research Associate Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Elizabeth Hirsch, University of Minnesota Elizabeth Jacobs Elizabeth Kamai, MSPH; Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC Chapel Hill Elizabeth Lalasz, RN, National Nurses United Elizabeth Larson, MPH Candidate Elizabeth Morris, Colorado School of Public Health Elizabeth Pinsky, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital Elizabeth Traub, MPH — Infectious Disease Epidemiologist Ellen Kettler, MS4 at UC San Diego School of Medicine Ellen Walker Ellie Gladstone, JD, MPH, Public Health Institute, Oakland, CA Ellie Grossman MD MPH, Harvard Medical School / Cambridge Health Alliance Ellie Joo Elspeth Fullerton, MS1, University of Washington School of Medicine Elspeth Nolen, University of Washington School of Public Health Elvira Aronzon Emilia Hermann, MD MPH – Montefiore Primary Care and Social Internal Medicine Emily A Kendall MD PhD, Johns Hopkins Emily Beaudin Emily Begnel, MPH – University of Washington Emily Boes, MD Emily Ciccone, Infectious Diseases Fellow, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Emily Deichsel, University of Maryland, Baltimore Emily DeVoto, PhD, MSPH, epidemiologist Emily Fleckenstein Emily Gemmell, MPH PhD Student, University of British Columbia Emily Herscher Emily Malavenda, MD (Cambridge Health Alliance) Emily Merchant Emily Muller, MS3 Emily Scott, MD/MPH, University of Colorado Emily Sousa, PNP, MPH Emily Thorn, Medical Student Emily Wong, MD, Africa Health Research Institute and Massachusetts General Hosptial Emma Ciersk, PHE graduate Emma Clark, Public Health Advisor Emma Glennon, University of Cambridge Emma Kersey, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Emma Mulligan, BUSM Class of 2022 Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention Epidemiologist, NIH Epidemiologist, Regional Government, Canada Eric Hausmann Eric Rohr Eric Stulberg, University of Utah Erica Bass, MD PGY3 Internal Medicine at UCSF Erica Chavis, Clinical Specialist Pharmacist Erica Lokken, PhD – University of Washington Erin Duncan MD MPH Erin Flattery, Resident Physician, NYP-Columbia Erin Hsu, MD, Infectious Diseases Doctor Erin J Aiello Bowles, MPH, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute Erin James, postdoctoral associate Yale University Erin L. Abner, PhD, MPH; Associate Professor of Epidemiology at University of Kentucky Erin Mordecai, Assistant Professor, Stanford University Erin Philpott, DO Ernie-Paul Barrette, MD, Washington University Esther Ofei-Asamani, Mphil, MPH, School of Governance Gimpa -Ghana Ethel Yang, MBA/MPH Eva Stein, MD; University of Colorado School of Medicine Evan L. Eschliman, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health Ezza Khan, MD Hunterdon Medical Center Faisal Tan, BUSM Faith Price, Community Prevention Coordinator and WSU Doctoral Student in Prevention Science Faith Williams Family medicine physician, Cambridge health alliance Family Medicine resident, University of Nebraska Medical Center Fanghua Lou Fanny Gonzalez Farley R Cleghorn MD MPH, Palladium Fatima Al Dhaheri, MD. Infectious disease fellow Fausto Gonzalez torres Felipe Findley Fiorella Guido, MS3, Upstate University Flynne Lewis, pediatrician CCHS Former Probation Officer Frances Oakes Francesca Golightly, Boston University School of Public Health Frederick L. Altice, M.D., Yale University Gabriel Benavidez, PhD student in epidemiology @ The University of South Carolina Gabriela Alcalde Gabriela Velazquez Gabriella Page-Fort Gabriella Vargas, University of Virginia Gabrielle Chamoun, Medical Student Gabrielle Pollack, MS1 Gail R. Hansen, Hansen Consults Gallaudet University Student Genevieve Boland Genna Braverman Genya Shimkin, MPH, University of Washington Department of Family Medicine George A. Alba, MD; Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School George Mekeel RN Gerard Coste, MD Cambridge Health Alliance Geri Medina, MPH candidate at Boston University School of Public Health Ghadeer Hasan RUTGERS RWJMS Gillian Isabella Hollerich Gillian Tarr, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota Ginger Johnston, Pastor Glenn Stevens Grace Mulholland, MSPH, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graham Mooney, Johns Hopkins University Gregg Gonsalves, Yale School of Public Health Gretchen Snoeyenbos Newman H. Hunter Handsfield, MD, Professor Emeritus, University of Washington Hailey Boudreau Hailey Wyatt Hala Benmoussa Haley Burdge, Upstate College of Medicine student Hamsa Subramaniam, Doctoral candidate – Department of Epidemiology, UNC-Chapel Hill Hannah Breakstone, Alumna Hannah Godlove, NYC Hospital Public Health Advisor Hannah H Leslie, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health Hannah Hall Hannah Lampert, MS4, University of Washington School of Medicine Hannah Nam, Northwestern Memorial Hospital Hannah Newman, MPH, CIC Manager of Epidemiology & Infection Prevention, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City Hannah VanBenschoten, PhD Candidate, Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington Harita Nyalakonda Harry Hudome Haya Jamali, University of Washington Heather Currey, Seattle 500 Women Scientists Heather Limper, PhD, MPH-Epidemiologist Heather Martinez, DVM, MPH Heather Molvik, UWSOM MS4 Hee Joo Ko Heena Patel Helen Cole, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona Hifzah Malik, Columbia Mailman Hilary Godwin, PhD Hilary M Babcock, MD, MPH; Washington University School of Medicine Hillary Miller Holly Scheider, MPH, Public Health Advocate Honor Bixby, McGill University Ida Shum Ilana Schlesinger Ilyssa Moore MD Inaya Mofiz- College of William and Mary student India Ornelas, University of Washington School of Public Health Indira Case Infectious Disease Physician, Atlanta, GA Iris S. Delgado, MPH Isabella Horning, MSN candidate Ishani Patel, Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC Chapel Hill Iyah Romm J TREES RITTER, DO, FIDSA J.F.Gamez Jace Jacinda C Abdul-Mutakabbir PharmD, AAHIVP Jacob Dexter-Meldrum Jacob McNinch, University if Washington Medical Anthropology and Global Health student Jacopo Leal Pacini Jacqueline Benson Master of Public Health Candidate Jacqueline Hodges, MD MPH, Rising Fellow, UVA Infectious Diseases Jacqueline Johnson Jacquelyn DeVries, medical student Jade Baugh Jade Pagkas-Bather, MD, MPH University of Chicago Jaime M. Jake A Kleinmahon, MD Jamal, PhD. candidate James Huynh, PhD Student, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Center for the Study of Racism, Social Justice, & Health James P. Lyon, Penn State University Jamie Rausch, Ph.D., RN Jan M Risser, retired epidemiologist Janet Soeprono, MD Janice Verley MD Janie Ginocchio, MPA Jared Baeten, University of Washington Jasmine Reyes Jasmine Tomita-Barber Jasnah Kholin, virologist, Hong Kong Jaspal Singh Bassi, MD Candidate, UC Irvine Jay Luthar MD – Cambridge Health Alliance (suggest providing protestors with an N95 and DIY face shields) Jay White Jayati Sharma Jayce Pangilinan, MD Jehan Budak, MD, University of Washington Jen Balkus, PhD, MPH – Assistant Professor at the University of Washington School of Public Health Jen Merk University of Washington School of Medicine MS1 (Spokane) Jenna Holmen, MD, MPH (Infectious Disease) Jenna Oelschlegel, MSW (Clinical Social Worker) Jennifer Chang, MD, Kaiser Permanente at Los Angeles Medical Center Jennifer Doran Jennifer Jones, PharmD Jennifer Schulte, Colorado School of Public Health Jennifer Scott CNM MSN Licensed Midwife NY Jennifer Velloza, PhD, MPH, University of Washington Jennifer Weuve, Boston University School of Public Health Jennifer Zabasajja, Bloomberg News Jerina Carmona, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Jessica Cataldi MD, Pediatric Infectious Diseases physician, Denver, CO Jessica Ho, MPH, M1 at Columbia University Jessica Long, PhD MPH, University of Washington Jessica McMillin, NYMC SoM Medical Candidate Jessica Mogk MPH Jessica Plante MPH, Boston University Jessica Ruff Jessica Ruglis, PhD, MPH, MAT, Associate Professor, McGill University Jessica Schmitt, LCSW – University of Chicago Jessica Xiao, UCSD School of Medicine MS4 Jill Royle, MPH, PhD Jillian Brelsford, RN CHA Jim Recht, MD Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School Jimish Mehta Joanna Schaenman, UCLA Joanne Park, Student Jodie Katon Joel Blankson MD, PhD Johns Hopkins Medicine John Kim MD, Cambridge Health Alliance John Lynch, MD, MPH University of Washington John Schneider, University of Chicago John Stephen Dumler Jolie LeBlanc, MD Jonathan Colasanti, MD, MSPH, Emory University Jonathan Golob. MD PhD Jonathan Malagon Jonathan Seaman, MD Jonathan Wu, D.O., M.P.H. Jordan Hoese, MD, MPH Jordan Kazakov Jorge Rivera-Gonzalez CSU MPH candidate Joseph C Gathe Jr MD FACP FIDSA Juan Acosta, Medical Student, Upstate Medical University Juan C Judith Feinberg MD West Virginia University Judith Portillo Judith Segall, MPH Judy Lubin, PhD, MPH, President, Center for Urban and Racial Equity Julia Dettinger Julia Durrant, MD, OHSU Julia Finn, Rollins school of public health Julia Marcus, PhD, MPH; Harvard Medical School Julia Morrison Julia Nash, BU Julia P Baker, DVM/PhD student, University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine Julia Raleigh – Medical Student, Upstate Medical University Julia Sung, MD, assistant professor of Infectous Diseases Julia Swanson (WSU Medical Student) Julia Velonjara, MPH; University of Washington Juliana Jacangelo Julie Baer Julie Chiu – JMU Alumna/Public Health Education Major Julie M. Petersen, MPH Julie Nguyen Julie Steinbrink, MD, Duke University Julie Vaishampayan, MD, MPH Justin Feldman, Assistant Professor, NYU School of Medicine Justin O’Hea Our Revolution NJ, HPAE Kacey Ernst, Associate Professor and Program Director Epidemiology- University of Arizona Kadedrah Parson Kaiser Valshon, MS4, UWSOM Kali Neil – Epidemiologist Kara Cicero MD MPH, Internal Medicine Resident, Rising Hematology/Oncology Fellow, NYP/Columbia Karen Bloch, MD MPH Vanderbilt University Medical Center Karen Chung, MS4, University of Washington School of Medicine Karen Daum Karen Fowler DrPH UAB Dept or Pediatrics Karen Gruen, Karen MacDonell, Wayne State University Karim Khan, Boston Medical Center Infectious Diseases and Addiction Medicine Karina Calderon Karla Neugebauer PhD biochemist, Yale University Karolina Maciag MD/PhD, UW Infectious Disease Fellow Kate Gregory Kate Kim Kate Liefer, Public Health Nurse Kate Nolt Katharine Rifken, MS Katherine Claire Donfro Katherine Greenberg, BU School of Public Health Katherine LeMasters – UNC CH Katherine Muldoon Katherine Pavilonis Katherine Walton-Elliott Kathleen Tompkins, MD, Infectious Diseases Fellow, The University of North Carolina Kathryn Kimpel MS4 Kathryn Macapagal, PhD, Research Assistant Professor, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Kathryn Schoenauer, UPenn MPH student Kathryne Staudinger, ESFCOM Katia Bruxvoort, PhD MPH, Kaiser Permanente Southern California Katie Judson, MPH Population Health Program Manager Katie McCann, MSW, MPH, LCSW Katie Shea Barrett Katie Witkiewitz, University of New Mexico Katrina Ortblad, ScD, MPH, University of Washington Kavya Magham Kayla Spence Kayla Williams, MS, MPH CSPH alumni Keely Dennis, MPH candidate, Mailman school of public health Keilah A. Jacques Kellcey Lesmerises Boston University Kelly Danckert, Boston University School of Public Health Student Kelly O’Shea, MPH University of Illinois at Chicago Kelly Storck, LCSW. Mental Health Therapist Kelsey Eccles RN Kelsey Murphey Ken Rothman Kenan Xiao, MD University of Nebraska Medical Center Kerri A. Thom, MD, MS, Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland Kerry Dierberg, MD; Bellevue & NYU Hospitals, New York, NY Kevin Chung, MS4, University of Washington School of Medicine Kevin Downes, MD, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Kevin Maloney MPH, Epidemiology PhD Student, Emory Rollins School of Public Health Kevin Vu Kiara Yoder Kieran Todd Kim N. June, advocate Kimberlee Rossi Kimberly Baller Kimberly Murray RN Kira Newman, MD, PhD, University of Washington Kiran Salman, MPH Student, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Kitonga Kiminyo Kobina Amoah. Koen Tieskens, PhD, Researcher Boston University School of Public Health Korinna Straube M.S. Yale University Kris Ronsin, GH emergency consultant Kristel Hallsson, MS3, University of Washington School of Medicine Kristen Pogreba-Brown PhD MPH Kristin Andrejko, UC Berkeley School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology Kristin Sommerhalter, PhD Kristin Vahle, MPH Kristin Wunder, MPH, Bannon Consulting Services Kristine Madsen, UWSOM, MS4 Kyle Horonzy Kyle Levinger Kylie ODonoghue L. Parker, BSN, RN Lai Wong CCRN: CPMC & UCSF Larissa Cruz, MPH LaToya Moseley Laura C Laura Cordova Laura Jacobson, MPH OHSU-PSU School of public health Laura Landrum Laura Marks MD, PhD, Washington University in St Louis Laura Marshall, BUSM ’22 Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, PhD MPH Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Laura Richman Duke University Laura Titkemeyer Laura Vercammen, MPH, Boston University School of Public Health Lauren A Hittner, MD. Harvard Vanguard Medical Assc Lauren Ciszak, MD south end community health center Lauren Greenberg, MPH Lauren Guerra, Columbia Mailman SPH Lauren Lane Lauren Marcell, Medical Student at University of Washington Lauren McCullough Lauren Nguyen, UWSOM MS1 Lauren Schaeffer Lauren Scott, RN Lauren Zalla, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Laurie Pulver, MD, MPH LaWanda Prestage Leah Harvey, MD, MPH. Boston Medical Center Infectious Disease Leah Hollander, Medical Student, BUSM Leah Yoke, University of Washington Leanne Berge, community health plan of Washington Lee McKoin, University of Washington School of Medicine, MS2 Leigh Senderowicz, ScD MPH, University of Wisconsin- Madison Leila Roumani Lein Soltan, Gillings MPH student Leon I. Bender MD Leslie Frey, LCSW Leslie New, Washington State University Vancouver Leslie V. Farland, University of Arizona Lexie Awiszus Liana Bogran Lianne Dillon, Public Health Institute Lina Rosengren-Hovee, MD, MPH University of North Carolina Infectious Diseases Linda Oseso, MPH Lindsay P. Carter, Pediatric Hospital Medicine, Boston, MA Lindsey J. Butler, Boston University School of Public Health Lindsey Kelly, PA-C, Cambridge Health Alliance Lindsey M. Filiatreau Linh Huynh Lisa Callegari Lisa Glaskin Lisa L. Abuogi, MD,MSc Associate Professor University of Colorado, Denver Lisa M. Bodnar, PhD, University of Pittsburgh Lisa Suennen Lisle Winston MD, NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia Liz K, RN Liz Kelly, MSPH, Project Manager, UNC Chapel Hill Liza Henry, MPH/MSW Student, University of Minnesota Liza Lutzker, UC Berkeley School of Public Health Lizzete Alvarado, California Department of Public Health Loraxia Lori M O’Grady, MSN, RN, APN, WHNP-BC Lorky Libaridian, MD (Cambridge Health Alliance, MA, Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Med School) Louis A Vontver MD MEd Louisa Smith, PhD Candidate, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Lucy Brainerd, MPH Lucy Dong Luke Johnson, UWSOM Medical Student Luke Strnad, MD / Assistant professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Sciences University Lydia Hartzell, MPH Lynette Phillips, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Kent State College of Public Health M.O. social worker Madeleine Harnois – Legal Aid Attorney Madeleine Kane, medical student, UCSF-UC Berkeley Joint Medical Program Madeleine Witwer-Dukes, MPH Madeline DiLorenzo, MD Madeline Kaufman Madeline Lewis-Epidemiology Madeline Stewart, Medical Student, Boston University School of Medicine Madison Thompson, CSU Magdalena Cerdá, NYU Grossman School of Medicine Maggie Collison, MD Mai Tuyet Pho, MD MPH, Section of Infectious Diseases and Global Health, University of Chicago Maisa Morrar, PA-C Maisha Davis Malkit K. Singh MD MPA Mallika Iyer, MS1, UW School of Medicine Mallory Harris, Stanford University PhD Student Mandavi Kulkarni, M.D. Manu Vikram Venkat MD, Columbia University Mara Abera Mara Hansen Staples, Impact for Health Marc Emerson, UNC-CH Marcia Luke-van Dijk, Avalon Housing Maren Batalden, MD MPH, Chief Quality Officer, Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA Maret Maliniak, Emory University Margarita Triguero-Mas, PhD MPh; postdoctoral researcher at Barcelona Lab for Urban Environmental Justice and Sustainability (BCNUEJ), Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM); Institute for Environmental Science and Technology – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) Margot Hedlin, MD Mari Kitahata MD, MPH Professor University of Washington Maria G. Lozano-Diaz RN, CNM MS Maria Gomez Maria Montes Arvizu, Undergrad at University of California, San Diego Maria Pyra, University of Chicago Maria Terra, Nurse Practitioner, Cambridge Health Alliance Marie Finkbeiner, University of Washington MS3 Marie Stoner Marielle Bugayong, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Mariko Cantley Mariko K Wong, MD Cambridge Health Alliance, Harvard Medical School Marilena Caldarusa Marin Mazeres, BUSM class of 2023 Marisol Jimenez, Tepeyac Consultinh Marisol Valenzuela-Lara, MD/MPH PhD in Epidemiology student at Emory University Marissa Miller, PA-C Mark A Swancutt, MD, PhD, DTM&H, Fulton County Board of Health, Atlanta Mark ODonnell Marlee Fischer, MPH Marley Williams, Health Equity Manager, Public Health Alliance Martha Kaufman, retired health professional Martin Kuchar Marwan Haddad MD MPH Mary Burgess UAMS Mary Mathison, MS1, UWSOM Seattle campus Mary Montgomery MD, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Mary Noble MD, Clinical Associate Professor, University of Washington School of Medicine Matthew C Hall Matthew Fox, Boston University Matthew J Kuehnert, MD Matthew Kronman, MD; University of Washington Matthew Stolman, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Maya Adler, MPH Maya J. Carter, MD McMahan, pulic health professional Meaghan Bransfield, BUSPH, BUSSW Medical student Medical Student Medical Student, UC San Diego Meditating for Black Lives Meera Nagarsheth Megan C. Visotski, MS, PA-C Megan Davis – Boston University School of Medicine Megan Gaydos, MPH, Human Impact Partners Megan Jones Megan Jula, MPH Megan Lasure, MPH, Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene Megan Pospisil, University of Iowa College of Public Health Graduate Student Megan Tusler, contingent faculty, U Chicago Megha L Mehrotra, University of California, Berkeley Megha Shah, MD MPH MS Meghan R. Shea, MPH, Epidemiologist, Columbus Public Health, Columbus Ohio Melanie A. Fisher MD – West Virginia University Melanie Brunt MD, MPH Melanie Langa, Medical Student University of Washington School of Medicine Melanie Martinsen Melanie Thompson MD, AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta, Principal Investigator Melissa McPheeters, Vanderbilt University Melissa Milfort MELISSA VEGA, FHCSD Meltem Karatepe,M.D. Meredith Clement, MD, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA Merline Jacques Mia Haddad, MPH Candidate at Boston University School of Public Health Michael Maranda, Michigan (no affiliation) Michael Seibert, MD Michael T. Melia, MD – Johns Hopkins Michalina Montaño, University of Washington Michela Blain, MD, University of Washington Michele Andrasik PhD, Senior Staff Scientist, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutch and University of Washington Michelle Brescia Michelle Floris-Moore, MD, MS. Infectious Diseases physician and clinical investigator, UNC School of Medicine Michelle Moore, AGPCNP-BC, University of Chicago Medical Center, Section of Infectious Diseases & Global Health Michelle R. Caunca, PhD, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Michelle R. Jacobs, Department of Sociology, Wayne State University Michelle Rattinger Michelle Stephens Mike Dolan Fliss, PhD Epidemiology, MPS, MSW Mike Hunt Miko Robertson, RN Milena Casamassima Mili Parikh, UCSD School of Medicine Miquelle Marin Miranda Caggy Mitchell Dumais, UWSOM Mitchell Lee, Rollins School of Public Health Moira Palumbo Molly Levine, 4th Year Medical Student, University of Washington Molly Miller-Petrie, University of Washingyton Mona Rigaud, MD; MPH (Pediatric Infectious Dis) Monica Gandhi, Professor of Medicine, UCSF Monica Martinez, MPH Monica Sierra, PhD. Epidemiology Morgan Pothast Morgan Warren MPH grad- Yale School of Public Health MPH, Tri-County Health Department Mukta Baweja MD N.K. Nabiha Nuruzzaman, MPH (Columbia Public Health Alumni, Medical Student at Frank H Netter MD SOM) Naeha Haridasa, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Medical Student Najla Aljaberi. Pediatric rheumatologist. Nakul Vyas, Medical Student, Boston University School of Medicine Namita Arunkumar, BUSM Namita Raghavan, VCU SOM Nancy Miles, MS1, UW School of Medicine Nancy Skehan, MD Nancy Warren, RTI International Nandita Mani, MD, Infectious Diseases Fellow, University of Washington Natalie Bowman Natalie Foster Natalie Mourra, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center Natasha Hongsermeier-Graves, medical student at University of Nebraska Medical Center Natasha Jhala, MPH (Columbia University) Natasha Kumar, MD; Northwestern University Natasha Sanchez, MPH candidate, Boston University Nathalie Phillips, PA-C Nathaniel Matthews-Trigg, MPH – Washington Physicians for Social Responsibility & Radical Public Health Nellie Landon Kassebaum, CSU MPH Student Nephrologist Nicholas DesLauriers, University of Minnesota Nicholas hansen Nicholas Locke, MPH Nicholas Van Wagoner Nicholas Varunok MD MSc Nicky Tettamanti, MPH Student at Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Nicolas Cortes-Penfield, MD Nicole Aydt Klein, Professor of Public Health, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Nicole Brescia (physician) Nicole Iriarte, MPH candidate at the University of Virginia Nicole Kester Nicole Kitten, MPH Candidate, BUSPH Nicole Oslance, medical student Nicole Roselli, MD, MBA – Bellevue Hospital NYC Nicole Theodoropoulos, MD, UMass Memorial Medical Center Nicolette Slaughter Niha Mamillapalli Nikkiya M Fraser, MD; infectious disease specialist, Fort Wayne, IN Nikolaos Mavrogiorgos, MD, University of North Carolina Nina Nguyen Nisha Puri-BUSPH student Nita Bharti, Penn State University, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics Nitya Dhanaraj Cooper Medical School of Rowan University Noah Segal, MPH, University of Iowa – College of Public Health Noam Harris Noelle Brescia Nongnooch Poowanawittayakom Nonprofit Program Manager Northeastern Student Nusheen Ameenuddin, MD, MOH, MPA, FAAP Nyka Osteen, Public Health Practitioner Occupational Therapist Ofole Mgbako, MD ID Fellow, Columbia University Medical Center Olivia Kates MD, Senior Fellow, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington Olivia Teter Pamela Knight Pamela Koehler JD MPH Pat Hollingsworth Patricia Morton, PhD, Wayne State University Paul Valente, Clinical Social Work Paula Strassle, PhD, UNC School of Medicine Pauline Kwong Bridgeman, M.D. Pedro Gullón MD, PhD – Universidad de Alcalá Penny Viater. Nurse Practitioner University of Chicago Medical Center Peter Chin-Hong MD UCSF Peter F. Bornstein, MD, MBA; St. Paul Infectious Disease Associates, Ltd. Peter Young Phanith Touch, MS3, University of Washington School of Medicine Pharmacist Phoebe Dembs, LMSW, SUNY Upstate Physician Physician assistant Pooja Mehta MD MSHP, Cityblock Health Pooja Patel, University of Michigan SPH Prachi Priyam, MD, MPH Pranatharthi Chandrasekar Pranav Reddy, MD, MPA, Resident Physician, Yale School of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyPranav Pratik Lakhani Premal Patel Price Nyland, Bowdoin College ’20 Priest Prithvi Addepalli, MHA Priya Midha, MS (Clinical Epidemiology), PhD Student (Public Health, Epidemiology concentration), Kent State University Priya Raghavan, MD Priyokti Rana, BUSPH Psychologist Public Health Advisor – CDC Public Health Analyst Public Health Expert Public Health Officer/ Research Public Health Official, Rhode Island Public Health Professional – USC Public Health Sanitarian Punit Matta, BUSM Queen Escalante, James Madison University Student Qumber Ali – Medical Student Quratulain Syed Ra Amen Raaka Kumbhakar, PGY3 IM Resident/rising ID fellow, Columbia Rachael Cohen, BS in Global Health Studies (Allegheny College) MS Candidate* in Global Health (Georgetown University) Rachael Groh, MD Candidate, Netter SOM Rachael Kfare Rachana Tank, University of Glasgow Rachel Bender Ignacio MD MPH, Assistant Professor of Infectious Diseases, University of Washington Rachel Berkowitz, DrPH, MPH – Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of California, Berkeley Rachel Dutton, UCSD Rachel Garcia, MPH Rachel Hathaway, MD, Harvard Medical School Rachel Ingraham Rachel Nation, MPH Rachel Rinehart, University of Washington School of Medicine Rachel Scott MD/MPH Rachel Silverman, PhD, ScM, Research Scientist, Virginia Tech Rachel Tao – Mailman School of Public Health student Rachel Tsong, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health Rachel Viqueira, Epidemiologist and Program Evaluator Rachel Witt, MD Radhika Dhingra, Professor, Gillings School of Public health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Radhika Sharma, MPH Health Educator & NEIU Instructor Raeven Clockston Raj Panjabi, Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School Ramya Dronamraju MPH Rana Shaheen Rashmi Baragi Ravi Kalhan, Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine Rebeca Huebner, MLS (ASCP), MPH Rebecca Miller, MPH Rebecca Reece, MD, IDSA member Rebecca Rogers, MD, Cambridge Health Alliance Rebecca Schulte Rebecca Sharar, MPH, MS4 University of Washington School of Medicine Rebecca Smith, University of Illinois Rebecca Spence, JD, MPH Rebecca Stebbins, MSPH, UNC-Chapel Hill Rebekah K. Puddington Rechel Geiger, medical student Regina C. Ortiz Nieves, MS (Puerto Rico Mental Health and Anti-Addiction Services Administration) Regina LaRocque, MD MPH, Harvard Medical School Regina Wittaker Rena Li Renee Nelson Renslow Sherer MD, University of Chicago Research Assistant Professor, University of Illnois, Chicago Research Associate Researcher in Health Economics Researcher, MPH, UCSF Rhea Mathew, MS, MD candidate Drexel University College of Medicine Richard A. Loftus, M.D. Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency Program, Eisenhower Health, Rancho Mirage CA Richard Armenta, California State University, San Marcos, Assistant Professor Richard Greendyk, MD, Columbia University Medical Center- NYP Richard Harris Richard Rodgers Richard Winn MD, professor of medicine Rishi Singhal Robbie Christian Infectious Diseases Pharmacist Robert Eagle, MS4, UWSOM Robert T. Fairman, MPH, CHES, Georgia State University School of Public Health Robert W Comer, MD Roberts Bartholow, Good Samaritan Hospital Cincinnati Robin Nokes Ronke Akinkugbe; VCU Rosemarie Corral Ruby Barnard-Mayers Rupali Jain Russell Buhr MD, PhD; Assistant Professor of Medicine, UCLA Ruth Aminu Ruth Wang, M.Ed., MD Candidate [MS4] at UC San Diego School of Medicine Ruvandhi Nathavitharana MD MPH, Harvard Medical School Ryan Muir – pharmacist S.A. Saba Khan Sabeen Rokerya, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Sabina Gonzalez, RN Sacharitha Bowers, MD Sade Perkins Sahit Menon – UCSD School of Medicine, Medical Student Saimrunali Dadigala Saleena Subaiya Sam Packard, MPH, University of Arizona Samantha Calderazzo, Medical Student Samantha Cox, Medical Student, Nebraska Samantha Hall, MPH candidate Boston University School of Public Health Samantha Lee MD, Cardiology Fellow, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Samantha Loh, MPH, Colorado School of Public Health Samantha Moulton Samantha Schnall Samara Khan, MPH student at the CUNY School of Public Health and Health Policy Samsara Davalos Reyes Sana Abbasi Sanda Vujnic MD Sandra Springer, MD , Yale School of Medicine Santiago Neme, MD MPH, UWMC-NW Medical Director Santiago Ripoll, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Sussex Saparja Nag, M1 at University of Connecticut SOM Sara Atlas, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Sara Benham, PhD candidate, Old Dominion University Sara Drescher, MD Sara Gomez Sara Hurtado Bares, MD Sara Kass-Gergi, MD, NYP-Columbia Medical Center Sara Knauft, University of Washington School of Medicine Sara Shashaani Saraf Salim, MPH Sarah Ames, MPH candidate at Boston University School of Public Health Sarah B. Andrea, PhD, MPH, University of Washington School of Public Health Sarah Bansen APRN Sarah Case, MS1, University of Washington Sarah Corley, BUSPH alum Sarah Cullum Sarah E. Hawkins Sarah Frank, RN Sarah Gitterman, Colorado School of Public Health Sarah Gramm, teacher Sarah Jergenson, MPH candidate, University of Minnesota Sarah Kipperman- public school teacher in Virginia Sarah Leong Sarah Lorraine Sarah Ney. Educator Sarah Renaud Sarah Rossi – MPH candidate at Boston University Sarah Stein Family Medicine PA Sarah Wolfarth-Davis Sasha Sommerfeldt Scientist and Free Clinic Volunteer Sedem Adiabu Rollins School of Public Health Seth J. Prins PhD MPH, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology and Sociomedical Sciences Shaelin Nauta Shahbaz Hasan, Infectious Care, Dallas Shahera Ranjha Shaina Coogan, MPH Shamia Robinson Shana Geary, MPH, CPH Shana Kagan MPH, MN, RN, PHN Shannon Limjuco, MPH Shannon Vance, MPH, George Washington University Shaoli Chaudhuri Sharon Wang Sharrelle Barber, ScD MPH, Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health Sheela Lewis Shenandoah University Student Shibani Chettri, MPH, Epidemiology PhD Student @ The Ohio State University Shira Shafir, PhD, MPH UCLA Fielding School of Public Health Shivanjali Shankaran Shradha Biradar, MPH, Medical Student Touro University CA Shreela Sharma, PhD, Professor of Epidemiology, University of Texas School of Public Health Shrita Pendekanti, UC San Diego School of Medicine Siobhan Callaghan MD Skye Fishbein Sminu Bose, MD Smriti Karwa, MPH Social Worker Sofie Pedersen Sonia Midha Sonya Neal -UCSD Sora Chee, Upstate Medical University Spencer Septien Stacie Smith Stanford, Graduate Student, Epidemiology and Clinical Research Stanley PA-S Stephanie Mayne, PhD, MHS – CHOP Stephanie Wagner, MD/MPH Steven C. Hatch, MD, MSc, University of Massachusetts Medical School Steven Pergam, MD, MPH Steven Ridini, Health Resources in Action Steven Rodriguez Columbia University Steven Rothman, MD; SUNY Upstate Medical University Student Suhair Bhatti, MPH Sujatha Srinivasan, PhD. Senior Staff Scientist, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutch, Seattle Sukhmani Bal, MPH – BUSPH/MGH CCCSEW Suliman Ghafary, MPH Sumedh Mankar, physician, primary care and public health Supriya Rani Jain (Brandeis University) Surabhi Nirkhe, Internal Medicine resident, UCSF Susan Bolick RN, retired public health nurse Susan Caisse Susan Watson, LCSW, MPA, MHS Sydney Perlotto, FP/RH Policy Advocacy Sydney Pomenti, MD NYP – Columbia – New York Presbyterian Sylvia Coleman, MD Sylvia Czuppon Sylvia Kang, Yale School of Nursing Sylvia Romm Talia H. Swartz, MD, PhD, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Tammy Wilhoite Tanja Srebotnjak, PhD Tara Alpert, PhD Taxpayer & Mother of Black Sons Taylor Kelley, Health District Taylor Paul Taylor Vincent, MPH Tejas Venkat-Ramani, MPH Tenley Brownwright, PhD, Penn State University Teresa Johns Terrel Sanders Tessa Delaney, MD Vanderbilt University Medical Center Tessa Pulido Theresa Santos, UWSOM Thy Huynh Tiffany Kan, RSPH Tiffany Pomares, MPH-Epidemiologist Tilton Little, Publisher, Big4Bio Tim Carpentier Tim Lahey, MD, MMSc, Professor of Medicine & Director of Ethics, University of Vermont Medical Center Timothy Barber Timothy W Menza, MD, PhD, OHSU Tomefa Asempa, Hartford Hospital, CT Ton Johnson Tori Cowger, MPH, Harvard School of Public Health Toshali Katyal BA, UC Berkeley Toyosi Oyelowo Tran Huynh, medical student Transgender educator from northern CA Trey Simril, MD, University of Colorado Internal Medicine Resident Tyler J Peck Tyler Quigley UPSTATE NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Tyrone UC Berkeley School of Public Health Uche BLACKSTOCK – Advancing Health Equity Uchechi Mitchell, PhD, MSPH, University of Illinois Chicago, UCSF School of Medicine Undergraduate Student, Milken Institute School of Public Health University professor, North Carolina UNMC 2nd yr. Medical Student Uzma Syed, Infectious Diseases ,South Shore Infectious Diseases & Travel Medicine Consultants V. Morrison APRN Cambridge Health Alliance V. Ram Krishnamoorthi, MD MPH, University of Chicago, Doctors for America Vaish Sridhar Valerie Press, physician Van Park Vanessa Aden Vanessa Estibeiro MD,MPH Vanessa K Ferrel, MD MPH Vanessa Lamers Vanessa Torrice, BUSM Varun Goel – UNC Chapel Hill Vera Schulte, University of Washington Medical Student Veronica Grycan Veronica Salvas, Epidemiologist Healing Communities Study Vicki Alexander, MD, MPH,Healthy Black Families , Inc Victor J. Schoenbach, PhD, emeritus associate professor Victoria Cameron, Dartmouth Board of Health Victoria Gontarz Vidya Atluri, infectious disease fellow, UW Vikas Saini, M.D. President, Lown Institute Viraj Shroff-Mehta, MD Virginia Tan, Medical Student, Netter School of Medicine Visiting Nurse Service of New York Wendy Armstrong MD, Emory University Whitney Wood, MS3, Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine Wilfredo Lopez Will Brown Will Flanigan, UCB/UCSF graduate student Will Patterson, Medical Student, CCLCM William Andrew Hughes William C. Goedel, PhD, Assistant Professor (Research), Brown University School of Public Health William F Parker, MD, MS, University of Chicago. William J Muller, MD/PhD, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Xavier Hill Xóchitl Silva Y. R. Usodum Yamile Molina, PhD MS MPH, Assistant Professor, Center for Research on Women and Gender, Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago Yasaman Zia, UW Yasmin Kamal, MD/PhD student Geisel School of Medicine Yefim Zaltsman, PhD, Postdoctoral Scholar, UCSF Yehudith Dashevsky, alumna of the University of Pennsylvania Yewande Dayo, Infectious Diseases Pharmacist Zachary West, MD Zara Wright, MA, Canvas Health Zoe McLaren, University of Maryland, Baltimore County